Key Points: A temporomandibular disorder involves the chewing muscles, temporomandibular joint, and connected structures. The signs and symptoms of TMD are often transient and self-limiting. Simple and reversible treatments have to be preferred over irreversible procedures. The goals of treatment for TMD are to decrease pain and to restore normal function. Five basic treatment tools include a) patient education and self care, b) cognitive and behavioral intervention, c) pharmacologic management, d) physical medicine techniques, e) surgery.
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